Corona is the most buzzing word all over the world now. It is a group of viruses, which typically distress the respiratory systems of mammals and birds, including human beings. These viruses are mostly responsible for common colds but now these viruses are known for their severe outbreaks including pneumonia, bronchitis, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and more.
Novel (new) coronavirus disease 2019 was first detected in China and it has been transmitted to 70 countries till date.
Who is at risk for coronavirus infections?
Anybody can get this infection; most likely the young children might get infected easily as they are much-prone to respiratory infections like the common cold in the rainy and winter season.
How coronavirus gets spread?
These viruses usually spread through an infected person to others:
- By sneezing and coughing
- By shaking or touching hands
- Touching your eyes, nose and mouth frequently without washing your hands as the virus might be present on any object you use daily.
- Rarely by feces (poop)
Symptoms might depend on the type of coronavirus and also on the severity of the infection. If you are having a mild to moderate respiratory infection like the common cold then your symptoms may include
- Running nose
- Sore throat
Few of the coronaviruses infections can cause severe diseases like bronchitis and pneumonia and the symptoms include
- Severe Fever with body chills
- Shortness of breath
- Cough with mucus
Prevention of Coronavirus:
Currently, there is no perfect vaccine to cure Coronavirus disease in 2019 (COVID-19). As we all know Prevention is better than Cure, most of the health organisations recommend having certain preventive actions including:
- Stay home when you are sick
- Avoid contact with the sick people
- Try to cover your nose and mouth when you sneeze or cough
- Often, wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with soap or hand wash, especially after sneezing, blowing your nose or coughing, before eating, and after going to the bathroom.
- If you are travelling, it is better to use an alcohol-based sanitizer to wash your hands.
Who should wear a facemask?
- It is not that necessary to wear a facemask in order to protect themselves from respiratory diseases like COVID-19.
- Masks should be used by the people who are shown positive symptoms of COVID-19 in order to prevent the spreading of the disease to others.
- Facemasks are very crucial to use by the health workers and the people who are taking care of somebody who has affected especially the doctors and other healthcare officials.
Treatment for Coronavirus:
There is no precise antiviral treatment for COVID-19. People, who are suffering from COVID-19, are receiving supportive care from the health care departments all over the world in order to relieve the symptoms.
People who can experience any of these above symptoms should contact their doctor without any delay.
Here is a quick fix on Do’s and Don’ts to prevent you from COVID-19
- Cover your face especially your nose and mouth with a tissue or handkerchief
- Wash your hands frequently with soap or hand wash or a sanitizer
- Avoid crowded places
- If you are suffering from any illness just stay at home
- Stay away from the persons suffering from cold or flu
- Take sufficient water and nutritious food in order to stay healthy
- Enough sleep and rest
- Talk to your doctor immediately when you feel sick
- Touching face, nose and mouth without washing your hands
- Kissing, hugging and shaking hands
- Spitting in public zones
- Throwing used tissues and napkins in public areas
- Touching objects like gates, doors, railings, etc.
Be Hygiene and Be Safe